Youngstown Amphitheater

The Youngstown Foundation Amphitheater
 Youngstown, OH

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The Youngstown Foundation Amphitheater is an impressive and well-appointed 4800-person structure. The Amphitheater is the outcome of a collaborative vision, which is reflected in both its construction and its events.

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Pittsburgh Industrial Steel Detailing Corp
Specializing in Fabrication Shop Drawings and Building Information Modeling.
Truss project photos:

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SteelDay is the annual celebration of the structural steel industry sponsored by the American Institute of Steel Construction and hosted by its members and partners.

SteelDay is the industry’s largest educational and networking function, with events occurring all over the country.

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SteelDay offers free events throughout the country for AEC professionals, faculty and students and the public and U.S. structural steel industry works to build our country’s buildings and bridges.

The industry’s latest technologies (ranging from improvements in the properties of steel to better equipment and new communication and design tools) what’s going on today with structural steel and network with people advancing the design and construction industry.

Events will take place across the country from education through presentations and webinars, to a behind-the-scenes look into the industry with shop tours and site visits.

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Steel Barges

A barge is a non self-propelled flat bottom vessel used for transportation on oceans, rivers, and canals. While barges were once made of wood, today’s barges are all constructed of welded steel. They are used to transport oversize materials and machinery, grain, coal, fuel, and many other commodities.

A barge is flat-shaped on its bottom, just like a raft. The main reason for this particular shape is to ensure that the cargo-carrying capacity is enhanced and more bulk can be hauled and transferred.

A barge is a type of vessel which is mainly used for the purpose of carrying cargo. However, the most important part about barges is the fact that they are not independent boats or vessels. They have to be tugged or towed along by other naval vessels in the water. A barge is flat-shaped on its bottom, just like a raft.

The standard barge is 195 feet long, 35 feet wide, and can be used to a 9-foot draft. Its capacity is 1500 tons. Some of the newer barges today are 290 feet by 50 feet, double the capacity of earlier barge.

One barge has the capacity of 1,500 tons; 62,500 bushels, or 453,500 gallons of products. The typical 15-barge tow is capable of hauling 22,500 tons; 767,500 bushels; or 6,804,000 gallons.

Image result for barges on monongahela river pittsburgh pa 2019Related image

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Types of Barges

Some of the different types of barges:

  • Barracks Barge: A barracks barge is also known as houseboat. Houseboats are a very common site in places like Cambodia, North India (Kashmir), Laos, Australia and Canada. These types of barges are mainly used for residential purposes while they float as stationary objects in rivers and lakes.
  • Dry Bulk Cargo Barges: These types of barges, are used to haul and ferry dry cargo. When the aspect of dry cargo is considered, it includes food grains, sand, minerals like steel and coal and other dry commodities that can be transferred through the system of barges.
  • Barges Carrying Liquid Cargo: These types of barges are completely opposite to the dry bulk cargo barges.  These barges are very useful in carrying petrochemicals, fertilizers that are used mainly in the liquid state, and other necessary important industrial liquid chemicals.
  • Car-float Barges: This type of marine barge was mainly used during the early 20th century to ferry rail carts. These rail-carts attached to the barges were like portable rail-sets ferried from one location to another. Car-float barges, still function in some parts of United States of America.
  • Split Hopper Barge: This unique barge is used for carrying dredged material. The split hopper barge is extensively used in marine construction purpose it can unload the material (Soil, sand, dredged material, etc.) at the site. The barge can be self-propelled type fitted with a hydraulic motor and cylinder unit to split open the hull.



The McDonald Brothers
Dick and Mac McDonald moved to California to seek opportunities they felt unavailable in New England. In 1948 they took a risk by streamlining their operations and introducing their Speedee Service System featuring 15 cent hamburgers. The restaurant’s success led the brothers to begin franchising their concept, nine becoming operating restaurants.
Ray Kroc
A native Chicagoan, In 1939, he became the exclusive distributor of the Multimixer (a milkshake mixing machine). He visited the McDonald brothers in 1954 which led to him becoming their franchise agent. He opened up the first restaurant for McDonald’s System, Inc., a predecessor of McDonald’s Corp. in Des Plaines, Illinois in April, 1955. McDonald’s acquired the rights to the brother’s company in 1961 for $2.7 million.
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The Red And White
The McDonald brothers insisted that their architect design an attention catching building that would highlight their Speedee Service System. Architect Stanley Meson did the design of the “Red and White”. Feeling that the roof line was a bit too flat Dick McDonald added arches to the building.  A sign maker incorporated yellow neon into them creating the “Golden Arches”. The oldest McDonald’s Red and White (opened in 1953) still operating today is in Downey, California.

Going Global
Ray Kroc’s vision was that there would be 1,000 McDonald’s restaurants solely in the United States. Yet, McDonald’s continued to grow and expand into international markets beginning in 1967 opening in Canada and Puerto Rico. Today, the company has over 36,000 restaurants in over 100 nations. The most recent opening in Kazakhstan in 2016.

Mansard Roof
McDonald’s introduced the new Mansard Roof Design in 1969 in Matteson, Illinois. Initially, many franchisees remodeled their existing Red and White buildings to reflect the new design. McDonaldland Parks (Play Places) and the Drive-Thru were added to the restaurant during the 1970s. The Mansard’s exterior underwent several changes during the intervening years.

McDonald’s restaurants feature designs that incorporate existing architecture and other unique features. The architecture of the McDonald’s continues to evolve to meet our customer’s expectations.


Dick and Mac McDonald open McDonald’s Bar-B-Q restaurant on Fourteenth and E streets in San Bernardino, California. It is a typical drive-in featuring a large menu and car hop service.


The McDonald brothers shut down their restaurant for three months for alterations. In December it reopens as a self-service drive-in restaurant. The menu is reduced to nine items: hamburger, cheeseburger, soft drinks, milk, coffee, potato chips and a slice of pie. The staple of the menu is the 15 cent hamburger.


French Fries replace potato chips and debut Triple Thick Milkshakes on the McDonald’s menu.


Multimixer salesman Ray Kroc visits McDonald’s in San Bernardino intending to sell the brothers more Multimixers. The 52 year old Kroc is fascinated by the operation. He learns from the brothers that they are looking for a nationwide franchising agent. He has an epiphany and is determined that his future would be in hamburgers.


Kroc opens his first McDonald’s in Des Plaines, Illinois on April 15. The attention getting red and white tiled building with the Golden Arches was designed by architect Stanley Meston in 1953. First day sales are $366.12.


Fred Turner, future McDonald’s Chairman is hired to work as a counter man for the Des Plaines McDonald’s. He would soon become the head of McDonald’s Operations defining the quality, service and cleanliness that continue to this day.


Hamburger University opens in the basement of the Elk Grove Village, Illinois, McDonald’s restaurant. Graduates receive Bachelor of Hamburgerology degrees.


The Filet-O-Fish sandwich was the first item added to the national menu. Created by Lou Groen, McDonald’s Cincinnati franchisee to help build volume in the predominately Roman Catholic community in which his store was located.


The Big Mac, developed by Owner/Operator Jim Delligatti of Pittsburgh, is added to the national menu.


The Quarter Pounder and the Quarter Pounder with Cheese are added to the menu.


The first Ronald McDonald House opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1973, Fred Hill, a football player with the Philadelphia Eagles, had the need for such a facility at Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia, where his child was being treated for leukemia. Hill’s dilemma led to the first Ronald McDonald House.


The Egg McMuffin, created by Owner/Operator Herb Peterson of Santa Barbara, California is added to the national menu.


Chicken McNuggets are introduced into all domestic U.S. restaurants.


Ray Kroc, Founder and Senior Chairman of the Board of McDonald’s Corporation, dies on January 14.


On January 31, the first McDonald’s restaurant in Moscow opens. Located in Pushkin Square, more than 30,000 customers were served on opening day!


The world’s first McCafe´ opens in Melbourne, Victoria Australia.


McFlurry Desserts, invented by Ron McLellan, O/O Canada are added to McDonald’s Canada menu.


McDonald’s published its first ever Social Responsibility Report on April 15, 2002.


McDonald’s first global ad campaign, “i’m lovin’ it” is launched in Munich, Germany on September 2.


McDonald’s USA launched All Day Breakfast.


Global McDelivery Day is celebrated on July 26 to support the global launch of McDelivery with UberEATS.






The Steel Curtain

Introducing The Steel Curtain

The Undisputed Champion of Roller Coasters

The Steel Curtain

Steel Curtain Birds Eye View

Kennywood Park and the Pittsburgh Steelers are proud to introduce The Steel Curtain! At a maximum height of 220 feet, the colossal steel structure of the coaster will serve as a landmark addition to the park and a high-energy entry point welcoming guests to Steelers Country.

During the two-minute adrenaline rush, riders will speed through 4,000 feet of track at 75 miles per hour while navigating 9 inversions – including the world’s tallest at 197 feet above the ground!

Designed by S&S Sansei Technologies, The Steel Curtain will set three new records: a Pennsylvania state record (tallest roller coaster), a North American record (most inversions), and a world record (tallest inversion).

Coaster Stats

The Steel Curtain Logo

Records Set: 3
Height: 220 feet – tallest roller coaster in PA
Speed: 76 mph
Inversions: 9 – most in North America
Tallest Inversion: 197 feet – tallest in the world
Lift Angle: 50 degrees
Length: 4,000 feet
Duration: 2 minutes
Passengers: 24